On social issues such as gay rights, Mr. Benioff is pushing companies to speak out, drawing brickbats from local lawmakers; ‘a corporate bully’
by Monica Langley at [email protected] (from the Wall Street Journal)
When North Carolina passed its law in March restricting certain gay rights, Marc Benioffwas ready with his rapid-deployment response. The Salesforce.com Inc. chief executive blasted out tweets criticizing the law. He called on other CEOs to speak out and dispatched staff to work with state officials and rights groups. Under pressure from many quarters, Gov. Pat McCrory soon sought to pare the law’s scope. It was the kind of show of force that has made Mr. Benioff a master promoter in the movement toward social activism among American chief executives, one that’s increasingly influential despite resistance from those in its focus and some disquiet from Salesforce’s investors and directors. “Marc rallies CEOs when business and trade groups are much slower to act, particularly on noneconomic issues,” says Dow Chemical Co. chief Andrew Liveris, who weighed in against the North Carolina law and says Mr. Benioff’s influence led him to get personally engaged in social activism.
The 51-year-old Mr. Benioff earlier this year helped push Georgia’s governor into vetoing that state’s bill that would have let faith-based organizations decline services or fire employees over religious beliefs after the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that backed same-sex marriage. Last year, he and other CEOs were instrumental in persuading Indiana’s governor to revise a similar law. He is now pressing cohorts to back measures to close the gender pay gap. Mr. Benioff is among CEOs of companies, including Apple Inc., Bank of America Corp.,Walt Disney Co., Intel Corp. and International Business Machines Corp., that have begun pressuring lawmakers on social issues, often with a warning: Change laws or risk losing business.
That is a departure from the past, when U.S. CEOs often avoided weighing in on social issues lest they incur backlash from shareholders, customers and other constituents. Now, the risk may be in not speaking up. “Our jobs as CEOs now include driving what we think is right,” says Bank of America CEO Brian Moynihan. “It’s not exactly political activism, but it is action on issues beyond business.” Critics of the new outspokenness include North Carolina Lt. Gov. Dan Forest. “The Salesforce CEO is a corporate bully,” says Mr. Forest, who vows to stand with his governor against business backlash. “One or two executives from San Francisco call their buddies, and then we’ve got leftist groupthink tarnishing North Carolina.” Mr. Benioff says he was once a Republican and now doesn’t formally affiliate with either party. While some in his camp are liberal-leaning, others aren’t. They have pitted themselves largely against GOP legislators.
Some CEOs have told Mr. Benioff they can’t join the cause, with one saying it would put “a target on my back.” At Salesforce’s annual shareholder meeting last year, an investor criticized Mr. Benioff’s public posture as polarizing and time-consuming. Retired Gen. Colin Powell, a Salesforce director, says he recently advised Mr. Benioff that his advocate persona may subject him and Salesforce to unwanted scrutiny. “Be careful how far you climb up the tree,” he says he told Mr. Benioff, “it will expose your backside.” CEOs have long sought to influence policy broadly through campaign contributions. Mr. Benioff and his wife have made $1.3 million in political contributions over the past decade to Democrats and Republicans, according to the Center for Responsive Politics. They gave to George W. Bush’s presidential campaigns and recently held a fundraiser for Hillary Clinton.
Marc Benioff, chairman and CEO of Salesforce.com, discusses efforts at his company to support women’s opportunities and advancement, at WSJ’s Women in the Workplace event. (Originally published Sept. 30, 2015) Salesforce CEO Marc Benioff says that in order to innovate he tries to cultivate a ‘beginner’s mind.’ He speaks with WSJ’s Monica Langley at the WSJDLive 2015 conference in Laguna Beach, Calif. (Originally published Oct. 20, 2015) Starbucks Corp.’s Howard Schultz has advocated for tougher gun control. Koch Industries’ Charles Koch supports free-market causes, deregulation and criminal-justice overhaul.
What sets apart the new activist CEOs is how they use their names and corporate muscle to campaign directly against specific laws governing social issues, often on short notice, sometimes by threatening to withhold business. These days, a principal cause is gay and transgender rights. The move took off early in Silicon Valley, where there has long been a mix of liberal and libertarian leanings. Millennial employees “don’t want to focus just on making great technology,” says Susan Wojcicki, CEO of Alphabet Inc.’s YouTube and a Salesforce director, “but also on making the world a better place.”
To attract promising young employees in many parts of America and to woo today’s customers, the argument goes, companies must project a corporate ethos that goes beyond profit. “The next generation of CEOs must advocate for all stakeholders—employees, customers, community, the environment, everybody,” Mr. Benioff says, “not just for shareholders.”
Mr. Benioff’s corporate bully pulpit is enabled by company results that keep most investors from questioning his extracurricular activities. Salesforce shares have risen roughly ninefold in the past decade.“Marc may be distracted on Twitter or at charity functions,” says UBS Group AG software analyst Brent Thill, “but it comes back as a halo around Salesforce, and he’s built a strong team so he’s no longer needed for operational details.” A San Francisco native, Mr. Benioff worked at Oracle Corp. In 1999, he co-founded Salesforce, a pioneer in selling subscriptions to software that businesses can run online rather than storing it on their own computers, part of what came to be called cloud computing. His Salesforce stock is valued at about $3 billion.
An imposing 6’ 5”, he favors bespoke Berluti suits or custom Christian Louboutin “Cloud Walkers” sneakers with his Tommy Bahama floral shirts. At their three San Francisco houses and Hawaiian estate, he and his wife, Lynne, have hosted friends to private concerts by Stevie Wonder, Neil Young and Lenny Kravitz. He housed 30 Buddhist monks from France recently while their spiritual leader, Thich Nhat Hanh, received medical care at Mr. Benioff’s expense.
He is a prominent presence in the Bay Area, contributing nearly $300 million to University of California San Francisco, including to the UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospitals. He touts his new headquarters, under construction, as the tallest building west of the Mississippi. Mr. Benioff used this year’s World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, as an advocacy venue, holding a gathering in a dome overlooking the Alps featuring musicians Bono and will.i.am. “Marc wanted to fertilize the interest of CEOs in the U.S., where this kind of political involvement is much newer” than in Europe, says Unilever PLC chief Paul Polman, who met with him there and favors having companies focus on social issues such as food security.
Mr. Benioff honed his activist tactics last year when Indiana’s legislature passed its “Religious Freedom Restoration Act” permitting businesses to discriminate against gay and transgender people. Salesforce is a large employer in Indiana, where its workers demanded Mr. Benioff act. “Initially, I was very hesitant,” he says. “What do I know about this?” He identified one weapon in Twitter, which he had used mainly to tweet about Salesforce’s business. When Indiana Gov. Mike Pence signed the measure, he sent tweets saying Salesforce would reduce investments in the state and offering to relocate Indiana employees.
Another weapon was his client list. Not only did he have CEO friends but he also could reach his 150,000 business customers. He emailed dozens of CEOs and lobbied others over dinner, including Yelp Inc.’s Jeremy Stoppelman, who says Mr. Benioff helped persuade him to come out against the law. “He creates air cover for the rest of us,” Mr. Stoppelman says, “so we feel OK about speaking out.” Eventually, CEOs he contacted—and others at companies such as Wal-Mart Stores Inc.and Nascar—came out against anti-gay discrimination. Mr. Benioff personally phoned Mr. Pence. After widespread national backlash, the governor revised the bill. Mr. Pence declined to comment.
He applied his newfound tactics early this year on Georgia, whose general assembly approved its bill that let organizations discriminate against same-sex couples on religious grounds. Mr. Benioff tweeted suggesting he might cancel his huge marketing conference in Atlanta and dispatched legal and government-relations staff to lobby Gov. Nathan Deal’s aides.And he began the CEO-arm twisting. He invited chiefs in March to a six-course sushi dinner at his house overlooking San Francisco Bay, interspersing them with tech billionaires and celebrities including magician David Blaine, to urge them to act against the Georgia law. He emailed corporate chiefs asking them to tweet that “There is an economic consequence to discrimination.” He buttonholed Apple CEO Tim Cook at Vanity Fair’s Academy Awards party, asking him to discuss the Georgia law, which Apple later criticized publicly. He emailed Disney CEO Robert Iger, who had notified the governor his company was considering not filming in the state, says a Disney spokeswoman. When Gov. Deal vetoed the bill, Mr. Benioff committed to keeping his conference in Atlanta. A spokeswoman for Gov. Deal, without saying whether Mr. Benioff influenced the decision, says “the governor heard opinions from those on all sides of the issue.”
Mr. Benioff’s rapid-response strategy irked Josh McKoon, the state senator who sponsored the original bill. “Marc Benioff is the ringleader for big-business CEOs,” he says, “who use economic threats to exercise more power over public policy than the voters who use the democratic process.” Mr. Benioff then turned his guns on North Carolina’s law that limits antidiscrimination protections for lesbians, gays and transgender people and includes provisions requiring everyone to use public bathrooms based on birth sex.This time, he wasn’t doing all the calling. Companies approached him and his staff for advice. North Carolina’s Democratic Attorney General Roy Cooper called Salesforce to discuss the law, which had drawn lawsuits against the state. Mr. Cooper “looked to Salesforce because he wanted them to know that this is not who North Carolina is, and that we are fighting against this discriminatory law,” says Megan Jacobs, deputy campaign manager for Mr. Cooper, who is challenging Gov. McCrory for the governorship.
Mr. Cooper on March 29 refused to defend the state law, saying in a news conference that it “will set North Carolina’s economy back.” Salesforce had little presence in North Carolina, so Mr. Benioff turned to Mr. Moynihan, CEO of Charlotte-based Bank of America, the state’s biggest employer. Mr. Moynihan then weighed in against the law. “I respect Marc,” Mr. Moynihan says, “but it was our headquarters, and we did it for our teammates.” In an early-April business meeting with Salesforce customer Deutsche Bank AG, which has a 900-person North Carolina office, Mr. Benioff discussed the law with its co-chief executive, John Cryan.
‘It’s high risk for CEOs to show selective outrage against North Carolina…They will soon recognize the complexity of wading in too quickly into social issues where a great disconnect exists between the corporate suites and Main Street.’ —North Carolina Gov. Pat McCrory
On April 12, Deutsche Bank announced it would freeze plans to add 250 North Carolina jobs while any of the law stayed intact. Later that day, Gov. McCrory sought to modify some of the law’s components but not the bathroom provision. Deutsche Bank hasn’t changed its plans. In April, more than 100 chief executives had signed a letter by Human Rights Campaign, the civil-rights organization, and Equality North Carolina, an LGBT advocacy group, protesting the law, including Mr. Benioff, Intel’s Brian Krzanich, IBM’s Ginni Rometty and Facebook Inc’s Mark Zuckerberg.
Some CEOs wouldn’t weigh in, Mr. Benioff says. “I’ve received some very heated emails that joining the cause would be disastrous for their companies.” The law remains in flux. Gov. McCrory says “it’s high risk for CEOs to show selective outrage against North Carolina” when they operate in states and countries with similar laws. “They will soon recognize the complexity of wading in too quickly into social issues where a great disconnect exists between the corporate suites and Main Street.”
“We’re not attacking Gov. McCrory or any other politician,” Mr. Benioff says. “We’re protecting our employees from being unfairly discriminated against.” Mr. Benioff is now also targeting gender-pay equality, an issue that confronted him when Salesforce executives told him many of his female employees were paid less than male peers. He didn’t believe them, he says, but an employee survey showed “I was wrong.” He spent $3 million on salary bumps for about 1,000 employees.
This spring, Mr. Benioff hosted a dinner at the Los Angeles home of actress Patricia Arquette—who urged wage equality during her Oscar-acceptance speech last year—featuring Hollywood stars, women’s-rights advocates and corporate executives. Mr. Benioff, who footed the $100,000 bill, says he told CEOs there that correcting pay disparity is “so easy.”
Some disagreed, he says, privately telling him pay was determined by free-market forces. Mr. Benioff surprised Tesla Motors Inc. founder Elon Musk by asking him for a pay-equality commitment, then handed a microphone to him. “I’ll look into it,” Mr. Musk said, agreeing to consider an audit of salaries. Mr. Benioff says he isn’t interested in entering politics. At a company meeting last month, an employee asked: “Are you running for office?” He replied: “I’d be a terrible politician.”
Update – May 9th
On April 21st the North Carolina Values Coalition submitted a public records request to the Office of Attorney General Roy Cooper, among other parties seeking information between Cooper’s office and Charlotte Mayor Jennifer Roberts. They were provided the reasonable deadline of 14 days to communicate their progress on the accumulation of the request, or submit them to the aforementioned party. As of today, May 9th, no communication from Roy Cooper’s office has been received. Multiple statewide groups, including the Civitas Institute and the North Carolina Values Coalition, gathered in front of Cooper’s offices in Raleigh to announce a new public records request that was hand-delivered to Attorney General Roy Cooper’s office for correspondence between their office, the U.S. Attorney General’s office, and the CEO’s of major corporations that have lashed out at North Carolina to determine whether Copper is complicit in federal blackmail by the Obama Administration and possible collusions with businesses threatening economic blackmail.
Francis DeLuca, executive director of the Civitas Institute hand-delivered the public records request to Attorney General Roy Cooper’s office immediately preceding the press conference before the close of business today. “Attorney General Roy Cooper has refused to defend North Carolina against business bullies and threats from federal bureaucrats. Instead of doing his job to defend a common sense law in our state that was passed in a bipartisan vote, Cooper has been colluding with business interests to commit economic blackmail against our state. Therefore it is plausible that he has been complicit in the recent federal blackmail from the Obama Administration. We hope to better understand his collusions with the business community against the economic interests of North Carolina and the extent of any collusion with the federal government against state interests.”
“It seems that Attorney General Roy Cooper, much like the Obama Administration, is willing to engage in political maneuvers to help his campaign. Based on information released to the public last week, we believe that the Attorney General has colluded with major corporate CEO’s to cause economic harm to the State of North Carolina by inciting them to threaten and bully the State. The public deserves to know whether the Attorney General is colluding in this blackmail and bullying. Let the nation hear loud and clear from the state of North Carolina: we will not be bullied, we will not be threatened, we will not cave to your political pandering and blackmail. We will however, stand firm to protect all North Carolinians’ right to privacy and safety in bathrooms, showers, and locker rooms” said Tami Fitzgerald, executive director of the North Carolina Values Coalition.
Attorney with the Alliance Defending Freedom, Kellie Fiedorek drew clarity on why HB 2 fully complies with federal law. Ms. Fiedorek said, “North Carolina’s bathroom privacy law, HB2, fully complies with federal law. It’s absurd to assert, as the Department of Justice does, that by placing the word ‘sex’ in federal nondiscrimination laws, Congress intended to force states to open their restrooms to people of the opposite biological sex. Governor McCrory and the state of North Carolina are fulfilling their duty to protect the privacy rights of their citizens. The DOJ should stop bullying North Carolina with falsehoods about what federal law requires.”